Monday, November 24, 2008

Contracts - Agency II

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Articles in the Civil Code regarding agency:

第 103 條
Article 103
An expression of intent which an agent makes in the name of the principal within the scope of his delegated power takes effect directly to the principal.
If an expression of intent which is required to be made to the principal is made to his agent, the provision of the preceding paragraph shall be mutatis mutandis applied.

代理人 [dàilǐrén] /agent/
於 [yú] /in/at/
代理 [dàilǐ] /acting (temporarily filling a position)/
權限 [quánxiàn] /(n) limits to rights/
內 [nèi] /inside/inner/internal/within/interior/
以 [yǐ] /to use/according to/so as to/in order to/by/with/because/
本人 [běnrén] /principal/
名義 [míngyì] /(do something) in (someone`s) name/
所 [suǒ] /語氣詞,無義/
為 [wèi] /to make/
之 [zhī] /(literary equivalent of 的)/
意思表示 [yìsībiǎoshì] /expressed intention/declaration of will/
直接 [zhíjiē] /direct (opposite of indirect)/immediate/directly/straightforward/
對 [duì] /to be opposite/to oppose/to face/for/to/
發生 [fāshēng] /to happen/to occur/to take place/
效力 [xiàolì] /(n) positive effect; efficacy/binding effect/
前 [qián] /before/in front/ago/former/previous/earlier/front/
項 [xiàng] /sub-paragraph/
規定 [guīdìng] /provision/to fix/to set/to formulate/to stipulate/to provide/
應 [yìng] /shall/
向 [xiàng] /towards/to/
而 [ér] /and/as well as/but (not)/yet (not)/however/
其 [qí] /his/her/its/theirs/that/such/it (refers to sth preceding it)/
者 [zhě] /-ist, -er (person)/person (who does sth)/
之 [zhī] /it/
準用 [zhǔnyòng] /shall apply, where appropriate, to …/apply mutatis mutandis/

Grammar Points:
The character 內 in this sense means ‘within’ as in ‘within the scope of rights’(權限內)We can see more examples in the following articles within the Civil Code:

第 1092 條
Article 1092
In regard to a minor child, parents may authorize another person to perform the function of a guardian for specific matters and within a fixed period.

第 1158 條
Article 1158
An heir shall not, within the specified period of time provided by the preceding Article, make repayment to any of the deceased's creditors.