Thursday, July 10, 2008

The Constitution - Republic

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Article 1 of the Constitution states the ROC shall have a Republican System, it states:

The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people.

中華民國  [Zhōnghuámínguó]  /Republic of China/
基於  [jīyú]  /because of/on the basis of/in view of/on account of/
三民主義  [sānmínzhǔyì]  /Three Principles of the People/ 
為  [wéi]  /是/is/
民有  [mínyǒu]  /of the people/
民治  [mínzhì]  /to govern by the people/
民享  [mínxiǎng]  /for the people/
之  [zhī]  /(literary equivalent of 的)/
民主  [mínzhǔ]  /democracy/
共和國  [gònghéguó]  /republic/

Dr. Sun advocated the “Three Principles of the People”( 三民主義):

民有 “of the people” (Nationalism) 國家為全體人民所共有,即國家主權在於人民。
民治 “to govern by the people” (Democracy) 國家政治由全體人民共同治理。
民享 “for the people” (Social Welfare) 社會利益由全體人民共享。